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World War 2 Causes (Part 1)

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World War 2 Causes the largest armed conflict that humanity has known, a deadly war that involved tens of millions of fighters around the world. At the end of world war 1, Germany and its allies Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman empires that were defeated and held solely responsible for the war. With heavy penalty imposed them, the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires are break up, while Germany has to repay what many consider an unreasonable debt that the main World War 2 Causes.

 Its territories are given to the victors, and to Poland which is recreated. These penalties are seen as humiliation by the German people. In 1929 the Wall street crash in New York that caused the heavy economic crisis of the 20th century. Its impact is felt whole world, with Germany not spared either, causing the unemployment rate to explode.

The first annexed Austria with help from the local Nazi party. Next, the west of Czechoslovakia was attacked. The Slovak becomes a German dependent state while Hungary grows closer diplomatically. After the occupation of a part of Lithuania. Germany signs with the Soviet Union a non-aggression pact and a plan to carve up Europe. It then assaults Poland, which provokes the France and UK to declare war, marking the beginning of world war II. Although the German forces are focused in the east, the Allied army do not take initiative in the West. Instead, the UK and France try to cut the strategic iron ore route that go through Norway and supplies the German military. Germany reacts by invading Norway and Denmark. Within few days, the country captures Luxembourg, the Belgium and Netherlands. Hitler’s new military plan is called blitzkrieg, which surprises opposition defenses with rapid, high-intensity attacks in a concentrated territory. British forces pull back in the face of this German military Powers, and the German army bears down the Paris. The French army is defeated and the armistice is signed.

Germany occupies the France north and west areas, leaving its other colonies and territory under the control of the new government. Germany thus has indirect control of French colonies without having to send an army there.

However, parts of the French colonies and the Belgian Congo chose to stay in the camp of Allies. In London, which already hosts several governments in exile, general Charles de Gaulle creates free France which continues to fight Nazi Germany. Brazzaville is named as its capital.

An agreement is signed with Germany; the Soviet Union seizes a part of Romania. Germany and the Baltic states, Japan and Italy combine to form the Axis powers. All dominions and British territory, with the exception of Ireland, enter the war. In Africa, fighting begins between Allied forces and Italian colonies. While in Europe, despite the massive aerial bombing of British cities, Germany fails to take over the country. Hitler then changes his plans; he now wants to attack the USSR. but the plan is delayed by Italy, that fails to attack Greece and is forced to retreat by Allied forces. After the accession of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria to the Axis forces, the German armies head south to attack Yugoslavia and Greece. Everywhere in Europe, the resistance is organized in different forms. Sometimes, people do strikes, demonstrations or protect wanted persons. Groups of spy for the Allies, conduct print or sabotage resistance newspapers. In eastern Europe, guerilla forces weaken the Axis armies.




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